Slaying Dragons

     

    By Thomas Goebel, PMI® Houston Chapter Volunteer Content Writer

    Once Upon A Time, a discipline called Project Management was created to help sort out problems that arose during the conduct of projects.  All the King’s Horses and All the King’s Men were relegated to putting the projects back together again.  All across the land, Project Management spread, and the people rejoiced.

    But dragons lurked…

    Trouble in the Kingdom

    Sooner or later (mostly sooner), all project managers encounter rough patches in the road.  While we learn from each travail, the primary objective is to reduce their frequency and even avoid them – by learning from others, for instance.

    Hiccups vary from person to person, and from project to project.  There are various lists out in cyberspace that enumerate the problems that project managers encounter.  Let’s talk about a few that really give you a case of heartburn.

     

    Communication Breakdown

    Almost all problems in a project can be traced back to inadequate communication, either direct or indirect.  “Undefined” goals are usually a problem stemming more from lack of articulation than actual lack of definition.  After all, the originator of the idea probably had a very clear idea of what he or she wanted to accomplish.  It’s crucial that the idea is clearly conveyed from originator to project manager and from project manager to the various stakeholders.  We use several forums for this, of course.  Meetings, especially the all-important kick-off meeting, formally codify deliverables by setting baselines and obtaining buy-in from participating stakeholders.

    Informal communication can be just as critical.  Emails to affected stakeholders, water-cooler sessions, and old-fashioned phone calls help maintain connectivity and project flow, while fostering collaboration and preventing problem escalation.

     

    Reining in Scope

    Project scope usually starts at a nice walk which can easily develop into a trot that’s hard to control.  To prevent scope from breaking into a full runaway gallop, the project manager has to exercise resolve in evaluating each requested change and its effect on schedule, budget, and stakeholders.  Saying “No” can be a lonely and unpopular activity.  But it is often necessary in order to avoid falling into the trap of adding time and cost incrementally to the project.

    The change management process is in place to prevent exactly these problems.  The smart project manager minimizes aggravation by acquainting himself or herself with this important tool at the start of the project.

     

    Risk 

    One of the most misunderstood activities in project management is the assessment, quantification and management of risk.  Everyone is viscerally aware of what risk is.  The challenge is in actually writing down all the risks that can be identified (definitely a team effort!) and assigning time and cost values to them.  This is the first step toward “managing” risk. 

    Most assume that risk is something to be avoided at all costs.  This isn’t always the case, though.  After tabulating all the associated risk costs, a project team may decide that a risk is worth absorbing.  This can be justified in the project plan and factored into the business case.  Transferring risk is another option.  The risk becomes a non-threat by virtue of its transfer to the customer or even third parties, when appropriate.  (Beware:  Risk transfer is a two-way street, and the project management team needs to watch for undesired/unexpected transfer of risk to their shoulders!)  Mitigation is another strategy.  Controls can be implemented to turn an unacceptable risk into one that won’t break the project.

     

    The Slay

    While addressing the issues discussed here won’t necessarily alleviate all of the project manager’s pain, it will go a long way toward ensuring a smoother ride for all stakeholders and a much better chance for a satisfactory realization of deliverables.  Slaying the big dragons early gives way to steady performance for the life of your project.

    Opinion: Staying Flexible as a Project Manager

    By Thomas Goebel, Volunteer Content Writer

     

    “Meet the new boss.

      Same as the old boss.” 

    - Pete Townshend

     

     

     

    Introduction

    The world of Project Management has seen ups and downs in Houston over the last few years.  The Oil & Gas industry tanked, taking quite a few project managers down with it.  What would seem to be a fairly translatable occupation has turned out for many practitioners to be otherwise, as executives in other industries may not see how project managers from the energy industries can use their knowledge and skills to adapt to new surroundings and conditions.  A work transition timeframe thought to last a few months often becomes a year and more.

    Maintaining Project Management Chops

    Project managers have always struggled with the need to remain adaptable.  By its very nature, project management is a job that can change dramatically every few months.  Practitioners are asked to manage multiple disciplines – even jump industries.   Through it all, core project management practices remain steadfast.  Dedication to these principles enables PMs to weather the storms of economic downturn.  Determination to push their boundaries gives PMs purpose and helps them adjust.

    How do project managers adjust to cyclical and not-so-cyclical sea changes?  First, it is essential to keep project management skills current.  Some long-time project managers in transition have used their newfound free time to earn a CAPM®, PMP®, or other certification.  Those who are already certified pursue Professional Development Units (PDUs) to keep their certification up-to-date.  PDUs can be earned through various means – extra training/classes, creating project management-related content, working as a practitioner, and volunteering. 

    Cross-training

    The Oil & Gas industry spans many disciplines, from engineering, finance, and support (administrative, sales, and IT) to business development.  It’s axiomatic that every single role in the industry carries with it some degree of business development, but true business development is its own science, with a dollop of art thrown in for good measure.  Covering sales, accounting, data analysis, risk management, bidding, and contract negotiation, business development is fertile ground for engineering-based project managers to round out their experience and increase their marketability and value to potential employers.  Displaced project managers are finding that sales and marketing roles – even in unrelated industries – are adding depth to their resumes.

    An organization in Houston called “Pay-it-Forward Networking Programs” is helping many people by offering training seminars and workshops in various areas for Oil & Gas professionals in transition.  Many of these classes are engineering-related, giving project managers the opportunity to increase their understanding of reservoir, drilling, and completion engineering.  Members who have specialized in well construction are even reaching further afield to learn about seismic and production technologies.  In addition, pursuits like small business startup and grant-writing are also covered.

    Volunteering

    Providing services pro bono offers many project management professionals an opportunity to acquire new skills while making a positive impact in their community.  The Pay-it-Forward Networking group mentioned previously is a great example.  Leadership is comprised solely of volunteers, who say it is a satisfying and rewarding experience.  They are gaining valuable insights while helping their fellow members-in-transition.  Other volunteer opportunities with charities and non-profits await.  Often, such an opportunity can lead to a paid position or pursuit of a new passion.  What a great way to embark on a new life!

    Onward!

    Even as the Oil & Gas market in Houston begins its slow march toward recovery, the same qualities that make project managers resilient and adaptable in projects allow them to reach outside their comfort zones in search of new markets and industries to conquer.  And as they’ve learned to do in projects they’ve worked on, they learn to learn.